1. How many people of Basque heritage live in Idaho?
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Answer: c) 7,900, according to 2013 data from the U.S. Census Bureau. The exact number, 7,906, is an estimate based on sampling and carries of large margin of error of + or – 959.
2. What does the word “jaialdi” mean?
b) party on
Answer: a) festival
3. Where is the Basque Country located?
b) Spain and France
c) Spain and Portugal
Answer: b) Spain and France. The Basque Country is in the border area of the two countries, along the Atlantic Coast and western Pyrenees mountains.
4. There are fewer than 1 million Basque speakers in the world. Who is the only Basque-speaking mayor in the U.S.?
a) Boise Mayor Dave Bieter
b) City of American Canyon, Calif., Mayor Leon Garcia
c) Gotham City Mayor Anthony Garcia
Answer: a) Boise Mayor Dave Bieter
5. Which dictator tried to suppress Basque culture after taking power in 1939?
a) Augusto Pinochet
b) Idi Amin
c) Francisco Franco
Answer: c) Francisco Franco. During his rule of Spain from 1939 to 1975, Franco suppressed the Basques’ aspirations for self-determination in myriad ways, including outlawing the Basque language.
6. The Gernika Tree symbolizes Basque pride and freedom. What kind of tree is it?
Answer: Oak. The original tree was planted in the 14th century and lived about 400 years. It has been replanted several times since, most recently in 2005. The third oak, the one replaced in 2005, was cherished for its surviving the 1937 bombing of the city during the Spanish Civil War.
7. The Oinkari Basque Dancers was formally started in Boise in 1960. What does “oinkari” mean?
a) happy feet
b) dance until you drop
c) dancing feet
Answer: c) dancing feet
8. Which U.S. state has the greatest population of people with Basque heritage?
9. The kalimotxo (kah-lee-mo-cho) is a popular Basque cocktail. What does it contain?
a) red wine and cola over ice
b) rum and coffee over ice
c) white wine and lemonade over ice
Answer: a) Equal parts red wine and cola over ice.
Answer: c) California, with more than 18,000, according to 2013 data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Idaho and Nevada are second and third, respectively.
10. What year was the first Jaialdi held in Boise?
Answer: 1987. It was held in 1990 and every five years since then (1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010).
11. Who is the patron saint of the Basques?
a) St. John the Evangelist
b) St. Ignatius of Loyola
c) Saint Nicholas of Tolentino
Answer: b) St. Ignatius of Loyola. A Spanish knight and theologian in the 16th century, he is credited with founding the Society of Jesus (Jesuits).
12. In 2003, a judge shut down Egunkaria, which was the only daily newspaper published in the Basque language and dedicated to the Euskaldunak, or Basque people. What reason was given for the shutdown?
a) The paper published an inflammatory editorial.
b) The paper misspelled the Spanish president’s name.
c) The paper was accused of having financial ties to the terrorist group ETA.
Answer: c) The newspaper was accused of having financial ties to ETA, but the staff was acquitted of all charges.
13. Which of these Major League Baseball players boasted Basque heritage?
a) Ted Williams
b) Orlando Cepeda
c) Rube Marquard
Answer: a) Ted Williams. Some of the Red Sox slugger’s maternal ancestors were Basque.
14. Which language is Basque related to?
Answer: c) None of the above. Basque is a language isolate, not known to be connected to any other languages.
15. What is the largest city in the Basque Country?
Answer: b) Bilbao. The city has about 353,000 people, according to 2010 figures.