WASHINGTON Some agency officials were instructed to hold off submitting proposals to the White House for up to a year to ensure that they would not be issued before voters went to the polls, according to documents and interviews with current and former administration officials.
The delays meant that rules were postponed or never issued. The stalled regulations, many governing controversial issues, included crucial elements of the Affordable Care Act, what bodies of water deserved federal protection, pollution controls for industrial boilers and limits on dangerous silica exposure in the workplace.
The Obama administration has repeatedly said that any delays until after the election were coincidental and that such decisions were made without regard to politics. But seven current and former administration officials told The Washington Post that the motives behind many of the delays were clearly political, as Obamas top aides focused on avoiding controversy before his re-election.
The number and scope of delays under Obama went well beyond those of his predecessors, who helped shape rules but did not have the same formalized controls, said current and former officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity.
Those findings are bolstered by a new report from the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS), an independent agency that advises the federal government on regulatory issues. The report is based on anonymous interviews with more than a dozen senior agency officials who worked with the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA), which oversees the implementation of federal rules.
Emily Cain, spokeswoman for the Office of Management and Budget, said in a statement that the administrations approach to regulatory review is consistent with long-standing precedent across previous administrations and fully adheres to federal rules.
Administration officials noted that they issued a number of controversial rules during Obamas first term, including limits on mercury emissions for power plants and Medicaid eligibility criteria under the Affordable Care Act.
But Ronald White, who directs regulatory policy at the advocacy group Center for Effective Government, said the overt manipulation of the regulatory review process by a small White House office raises questions about how the government writes regulations. He said the amount of time it took the White House to review proposed rules was particularly egregious over the past two years.
Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., who chairs the Judiciary Subcommittee on Oversight, Federal Rights and Agency Action, said hes concerned about the real-world impact of the postponements in the first term.
Legal protection delayed is protection denied, he said.