UPDATE: The U.S. House passed the Restoring Healthy Forests for Healthy Communities Act by a vote of 244-173 Friday morning. Read more about the vote here.
The two sides of the forest wars of the 1980s are facing off over timber harvests from federal forests.
Lawsuits over clearcutting, old-growth forests and endangered species like the northern spotted owl cut the Forest Services timber harvest from a high of 9 billion board feet nationally to an average of 2.5 billion board feet during the past five years.
The Restoring Healthy Forests for Healthy Communities Act would require the Forest Service to harvest 6 billion board feet annually. The package also includes Idaho Republican Rep. Raul Labradors Self-Sufficient Community Lands Act, which would create pilot projects to turn over about 1 percent of Idahos 20 million acres of national forests to the state and counties to manage as a trust to benefit rural counties.
The House is expected to vote on the bill Friday.
House Resources Committee Chairman Doc Hastings, R-Wash., authored the bill that requires the Forest Service to increase the harvest on its 193 million acres and give 25 percent of the receipts to the counties where the timber is cut. The bill also would exempt timber sales from the National Environmental Policy Act and shield them from lawsuits under the federal Endangered Species Act.
The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office said the bill would reduce costs to the federal government by $269 million annually. But documents its staff used to make that estimate, obtained by the Idaho Statesman, showed it would mandate a harvest of 220 million board feet of timber from the Clearwater National Forest, which currently cuts 22 million board feet, to generate the revenues.
The Panhandle National Forest would have the biggest harvest in the nation, 272 million board feet, exceeding the Willamette in Oregon, which would have to cut 259 million board feet. The Nez Perce National Forest would cut 105 million board feet and the Kootenai forest 145 million board feet. None of the southern Idaho forests, which are far drier, would exceed 30 million.
Supporters say the legislation would lift up the economies of rural communities across the West and help local governments pay for schools and roads.
The time has come to put our people and our land back to work, Labrador said.
CRITICS HAVE ISSUES
Environmental groups label the Hastings bill logging without laws and say it would force the agency to go back to widespread clearcutting. It also would mandate timber harvests in roadless areas, river corridors and recreation areas where harvest is allowed only for restoration and fuel reduction.
The Obama administration threatened this week to veto the bill. The only part of the bill that has much bipartisan support is a section authored by Oregon Democratic Rep. Peter DeFazio to turn over management of Bureau of Land Management timber lands to Oregon for the benefit of timber-dependent counties.
Oregon Democratic Sen. Ron Wyden, has his own bill to address the Oregon BLM timber issue.
Idaho County Commissioner Skip Brandt, of Kooskia, a supporter of the bill, said if Wyden wants a bill to resolve Oregons issue hes going to have to address the larger issue of national forest logging.
I think thats how we can pass a bill that can get to the presidents desk, Labrador said.
Hastings bill has wide support from timber industry and other resource groups such as the National Cattlemens Association and the Blue Ribbon Coalition, a motorized recreation group. The National Association of Counties also supports the bill.
Gordon Cruickshank, a Valley County commissioner from Cascade, is one of the main voices supporting Labradors Self-Sufficient Community Lands Act.
It would establish a trust for managing up to 200,000 acres of federal land, with proceeds going to the federal government after management costs and money for 35 counties. Idaho counties now get $28.5 million annually for schools, roads and other projects under the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act. The additional amount would make up revenues counties lost as timber harvests dropped in the 1980s.
The Senate on Thursday voted to extend the payments under that law for another year. Hastings bill also would extend the Secure Schools payments.
Cruickshank supports the entire Hastings bill.
It gets us back to doing something, he said. If we look at this responsibly, I think we can do it correctly.
Mike Anderson, senior resource analyst for the Wilderness Society, said his group supports sustainable timber production, restoration programs and works in collaborative groups across the West. But, he said, We are very concerned about the House approving this horrendous bill.
Rocky Barker: 377-6484