In 1956, Boise's first Parade of Homes featured 10 modernistic houses in the city's newest development, The Highlands.
This year, the popular Preservation Idaho Heritage Homes Tour will feature this 1950s-1960s neighborhood with about eight of these classic ranch-style homes. This will be the first time the annual tour has highlighted homes built after World War II.
"It's got that mid-century magic that appeals to a lot of people," said Dan Everhart of Preservation Idaho. "There was always something special about someone who identified themselves as living in the Highlands."
"It's really a time capsule of the 1950s," said Barbara Perry Bauer of TAG Historical Research and Consulting. She led the Preservation Idaho ArchWalk of the Highlands area this past July. (ArchWalks feature different parts of town and take place during the summer months. They usually sell out quickly.)
It was the era of the ranch home, which got its start in the 1920s and 1930s in California, Inspired by early haciendas and ranchos in places like San Diego and Monterey with their open corridors or exterior hallways that connected major rooms, it was then popularized by designers like Cliff May, whose name was well known to fans of that style. They were basically one-story, close to the ground with a long, low roofline, and were often built on slab foundations. They featured patios with sliding doors that encouraged easy access to outdoor living, as well as simple floor plans and attached garages.
Another designer associated with this period was Joseph Eichler. These homes were often called California Modern, and the Frank Lloyd Wright influence is obvious. Cathy Rosera's home, featured in this article, falls into this category. (The largest Eichler development in California also happens to be called The Highlands.)
"By the 1940s, this home style was really catching on across the country," Perry Bauer said.
Thanks to popular magazines, especially Sunset, the design gained huge momentum. It was often possible to get floor plans through these magazines, too. They were basically all-electric homes with lots of built-ins, very functional with great use of space and filled with all those modern extras, including color-coordinated kitchens. The kitchens, while modernized, were also made more compact so that everything was close at hand.
In the Boise Highlands, you'll also find curved streets, rolled curbs and no sidewalks. Named for the Scottish Highlands, this development is basically throughout the Crane Creek drainage. It features a mixture of contractor-built homes and architect designs, more likely to be found is the Upper Highlands, the property at higher elevations and with better views. The building CCRs often required the homes on the view side of the street to be more expensively built and designed. Some of those were required to be single-level and set back from the street.
The development was begun by third-generation real estate developer Richard B. Smith, who built and lived in a home in the Upper Highlands overlooking Hulls Gulch. Co-developers with him were Fred Bagly, Ted Eberle and Robert Kinsinger. The Highlands helped transform Boise's North End as the city grew after WWII.