Metal thieves who steal from electrical substations and other utility installations in Idaho now face stiffer penalties, particularly if their pilfering interrupts service.
And if the thieves are injured in the act, utilities now enjoy immunity from legal liability.
It's part of a crackdown on metal theft that also includes requiring scrap dealers to gather information that authorities could later use to identify them, if necessary.
Avista Corp. sought the new law, saying it's seen more than 100 thefts in the past three years and losses of about $400,000.
Idaho's new law took effect this week; Washington also beefed up its existing anti-metal theft laws that regulate scrap dealers.
"It's happening everywhere," said Avista communications manager Debbie Simock. "It's a nationwide issue that utilities across the country are experiencing."
They're not alone -farms, construction sites and railroads also are reporting big losses from metal theft. That includes everyone from farmers on the Rathdrum Prairie whose sprinkler equipment has been targeted to Kootenai Electric Cooperative. Last September, the cooperative spent $10,000 to replace grounding wires on 60 of its power poles, for which the thieves likely earned only about $200 from the metal. Ratepayers foot the bill.
"It causes damage to the electric system, which impacts reliability," said Idaho Power spokesman Kevin Winslow. "The costs impact our customers, and it's also a safety issue."
Neil Colwell, Idaho lobbyist for Avista, said, "The ag community got behind this bill in a very big way, and so did the telecommunications providers."
Not only do metal thieves risk electrocution - one died in Minnesota on June 20 while cutting wires at a farm, according to news reports - linemen and utility maintenance crews also can be endangered if grounding wires are removed and they don't know about it.
"It just puts the public and employees at risk," Avista's Simock said.
Idaho's law was sponsored by state Rep. Luke Malek, R-Coeur d'Alene, who said he expects the new felony penalty to be "a major deterrent to people that are taking metal."
Plus, the new picture-taking requirements, which require either still photos or video recordings, should give thieves pause before they try to sell stolen metal to scrap dealers, Colwell said. "If your metal is ill-gotten and you have to stand there, they take a picture of you and the stuff that you're bringing in to sell, we thought that might be a disincentive."
Michael Cataldo, manager of Pacific Steel & Recycling in Nampa, agreed. "Is this going to curb some of it? It may very well do it," he said, "especially when people know they're being videoed."
Idaho's new law strengthens a 2009 law that already requires scrap dealers to record a metal seller's license plate number, name and address, and take a photocopy of their driver's license.